Foundation of Information Technology Class X

Foundation of Information Technology Class X

Author: , ISBN: Year of Publication: Class name: Subject:

Rs. 335.00

 
 

About Book

Shashank Johri , the author of this book is a well experienced computer expert who has written a number of books and has won National Award for his book ?Computer Repair Guide ? from ministry of information Technology , Government of India in 1999. He has been conducted various seminars and workshops for computer teacher across India to update their knowledge and give awareness about various schemes and frame works of CBSE, NCERT, MIT and other organizations of Government of India to maintain a level in IT education in schools.

Shashank Johri has been associated with various projects of ministry of information Technology, Govt. of India and also have been member of Experts panel for writing the Glossary of information Technology published by Commission for scientific & Technical Terminology, ministry of Human Resource & Development , Govt. of India.

About the Book

The Foundation of Information Technology is an unique book which is published after a great research and development. Main features of this book are as follows:

 

  •  Each and every topic is covered in same sequence in this book as prescribed in CBSE Syllabus.
  •  The exercise pattern strictly given as in the CBSE board examination paper, that will help to score full marks .
  •  The book is on CCE pattern so the formative and summative rich exercises have been given . ? The practical tasks are highlighted with Shhhh.. I am in Lab, which will help students to teach the practical steps in the book when they are working in practical lab.
  •  Solved and Un - solved question papers have been given , so that students can prepare well for final examination.
  •  Addition Projects/ Programs and Exercise are given on the web support, that reduced the printed pages and will updated, provide accurate and tested programs/ codes. Teachers can remove some lines or codes and give students to debug them so that can learn each and every step carefully.

 

Contents

Internet 3-33
1.1 Introduction 3
1.1.1 More about Internet 3
1.2 History of Internet 4
1.3 How Internet Works 5
1.4 Internet Protocol 5
1.4.1 Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) 5
1.4.2 Internet Protocol (IP) 6
1.5 Who Governs the Internet 6
1.6 Basic uses of the Internet 8
1.7 How to get Connected to Internet 9
1.8 Mode of Internet Connections 10
1.8.1 Dial-up Connection 10
1.8.2 Broadband Connection 10
1.8.3 Wireless Connection 1
1.9 Setting up a Dial-up Connection 11
1.10 Setting up a Broadband Connection 12
1.11 Setting up a Wireless Connection 12
1.12 Internet Access Software 13
1.12.1 Dialer Software 13
1.12.2 TCP/IP Software 13
1.13 World Wide Web 13
1.14 Web Terminology 14
1.14.1 Web Server 14
1.14.2 Website 15
1.14.3 Web Page 15
1.14.4 Web Browser 16
1.14.5 Blogging 17
1.14.6 News Groups 18
1.14.7 HTML 18
1.14.8 Web Address 18
1.14.9 E-mail Address 19
1.14.10 URL 19
1.15 Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) 20
1.16 Intranet 20
Services on Internet 35-84
2.1 Introduction 35
2.2 Getting Connected to Internet 35
2.3 Information Retrieval 36
2.3.1 Some Important Websites 37
2.4 Locating sites using Search Engines 38
2.4.1 Finding Information Using a Search Engine 38
2.4.2 Searching Image or Video 38
2.4.3 How Search Engine Works 39
2.4.4 Search Engine Architecture 43
2.5 Finding people on the Net 43
2.6 FTP (File Transfer Protocol) 44
2.6.1 What is FTP 44
2.6.2 Understanding How FTP Works 44
2.6.3 Requirements for using FTP 44
2.6.4 FTP and Internet Connections 45
2.6.5 Active and Passive Connection Mode 45
2.6.6 Creating an FTP site 46
2.7 Downloading and Uploading Files From or to Remote Sites 47
2.7.1 Uploading Files Using CuteFTP 47
2.7.2 Downloading Files from CuteFTP 47
2.8 Telnet 48
2.9 Chat 48
2.9.1 Instant Messaging 48
2.9.2 Other Chat Possibilities 50
2.10 Electronic Mail 50
2.10.1 E-mail Address 50
2.10.2 To Send and Receive an E-mail 51
2.10.3 Advantages of E-mail 52
2.10.4 Structure of an E-mail message 53
2.10.5 Sending Professional E-mail 53
2.11 Video Conferencing 55
2.11.1 Video Conferencing Software 56
2.12 E-learning 57
2.13 E-banking 57
2.13.1 Bill Payment Service 58
2.13.2 Fund Transfer 58
2.13.3 Credit Card Customers 58
2.13.4 Investing through Internet Banking 59
2.13.5 Recharging your Prepaid Phone 59
2.13.6 Shopping at your Fingertips 59
2.13.7 Internet Banking versus Traditional Method 59
2.13.8 Security Precautions 59
2.14 E-Shopping 60
2.14.1 Advantages of E-shopping 60
2.15 E-Reservation 61
2.16 What is an E-Group 61
2.16.1 How can I Start an E-Group 62
2.17 Social Network Sites 63
Working in Browsers 85-102
3.1 Introduction 85
3.2 Types of Browsers 85
3.2.1 Text only Web Browser 85
3.2.2 Graphical Web Browsers 86
3.3 Internet Explorer 86
3.3.1 Features of Internet Explorer 86
3.3.2 Launching Microsoft Internet Explorer 87
3.3.3 Components of the Internet Explorer 88
3.3.4 Menus in Internet Explorer 8 88
3.4. Working with Internet Explorer 90
3.4.1 Home Page Setting 90
3.4.2 Loading Web Pages 91
3.4.3 To View Recently Visited Web Pages 91
3.4.4 Saving a Webpage 91
3.4.5 Saving an Image from a Web Page 92
3.4.6 Previewing and Printing a Webpage 93
3.4.7 Favorites List 93
3.4.8 Organizing Favorite Page 94
3.4.9 Managing History 94
3.4.10 Changing History Limit 95
3.4.11 Clearing History 95
3.4.12 Viewing Source Code 95
Keyboard Shortcuts for Internet Explorer 8
Browser Error Messages

Database Management 103-124
4.1 Introduction 103
4.2 What is a Database Model 103
4.3 Relational Databases 104
4.3.1 Advantages of Relational Databases 104
4.4 Flat File Database 105
4.5 Comparison between Flat and Relational Database 105
4.6 How Databases Work 106
4.7 SQL 106
4.8 Database - Advantages and Disadvantages 107
4.9 Using OpenOffice BASE as a Database Management Tool 107
4.10 Features of your Database Management Tool 108
4.10.1 Table 108
4.10.2 Queries 108
4.10.3 Forms 109
4.10.4 Reports 109
4.11 The Basics of Designing a Database 109
Open Office.org BASE 125-155
5.1 Introduction 125
5.2 Is it installed 125
5.3 Running the Application 125
5.4 Table Wizard 126
5.4.1 Inserting and Deleting Fields 126
5.4.2 Setting a Primary Key 127
5.5 Creating a Database 127
5.5.1 Field Name 127
5.5.2 Field Type 127
5.5.3 Length (Field Size or Field Width) 130
5.5.4 Field Properties 131
5.5.5 Primary Key 131
5.6 Setting Field Properties 131
5.7 Entering Data in a Table 131
5.8 Editing Data in a Table 132
5.8.1 Deleting a Record 132
5.9 Creating a Database Form 132
5.10 Using the Wizard to Create a Form 133
5.11 Modifying a Form 135
5.12 Creating a Database Form 137
5.13 Data Validation 143
5.13.1 Validation Rules 144
5.13.2 Validation Rules for Fields 144
5.13.3 Data Types   145
5.13.4 Field Sizes 145
5.13.5 Table Properties 145
5.13.6 Validation Text 145
5.13.7 Required 145
5.13.8 Allow Zero Length 145
5.13.9 Indexed 145
5.13.10 Lookups 146
5.13.11Input Mask 146
5.14 List of General Shortcut Keys in OpenOffice.org 146
HTML Basics 157-188
6.1 Introduction 157
6.2 Writing HTML Document 158
6.2.1 File Extension of HTML Document 158
6.2.2 Structure of HTML Document 158
6.3 HTML Writing Tools 160
6.4 Writing HTML Code in NotePad 160
6.5 Viewing HTML document in a Browser 161
6.6 Container and Empty Elements 161
6.7 HTML Tag Structure 163
6.8 Basic HTML Tags 164
HTML Advanced 189-219
7.1 Introduction 189
7.2 Placing An Image on Your Page 189
7.2.1 Image Formats for the Web 190
7.2.2 Where do I get Free Images for my Page 191
7.3 Turning An Image Into a Link (Making Button) 191
7.3.1 IMAGES 192
7.3.2 HTML Hyperlinks (Links) 193
7.4 Tables in HTML 194
7.5 Receiving Mail from Website 199
7.6 How to Send Email from an HTML Page 199
7.6.1 Use a Mailto Link 199
7.6.2 Use a Form 200
7.7 HTML Projects 200
XML: An Introduction 221-249
8.1 Introduction 221
8.2 What Is XML 222
8.2.1 Is It Difficult to Learn 222
8.3 Writing XML Codes 222
8.3.1 XML Tags 222
8.3.2 XML Correctness 223
8.3.3 Declaring XML 223
8.3.4 XML and Browsers 224
8.4 Making the Document 224
8.4.1 XML In Internet Explorer 224
8.4.2 Netscape/Mozilla 225
8.4.3 How to be Assured that User will see the Page 225
8.5 Formatting XML 225
8.6 CSS 225
8.7 XSL 227
8.8 Data Islands 229
8.8.1 Attributes 223
8.8.2 CDATA 231
8.8.3 Communication Between Applications 231
8.9 Applications of XML 231
8.10 HTML versus XML 231
8.11 SGML vs XML 233
8.12 Working in XML 234
8.12.1 How to view XML files 234
8.12.2 Internet Explorer XML Viewer 235
8.13 XML Editors 235
8.13.1 XML Editors - Features 235
8.13.2 Free XML Editors 235
8.14 XML syntax 235
8.15 XML Document: The Root Element 236
8.16 XML tags 236
8.16.1 A Tag Pair 236
8.16.2 Solo Tag 236
8.16.3 Modified Opening Tag 236
8.16.4 The Tag Ordering Rule 236
8.17 XML Attribute 237
8.17.1 XML Attribute Quotation Usage 237
8.18 XML Nesting 238
8.18.1 Nesting Rules 239
8.18.2 XML Naming Rules and Practices 239
8.18.3 XML Documents: Valid Versus Well-Formed 239
8.18.4 Valid XML 240
8.18.5 Broken XML Files 240
8.19 Advantages of XML   240
8.20 XML Examples 241
Social Impacts of IT 251-268
9.1 Introduction 251 
9.2 IT in Education 252 
9.3 Hacker and Cracker 253 
9.4 Computer Virus 253
9.5 Symptoms of a Computer Virus 254
9.6 What is Spyware 255
9.6.1 Symptoms of Spyware 255
9.7 Spam 256
9.8 Computer Worms 256
9.9 How to Backup Data 257
9.10 How Often One Should Backup the Data 257
9.10.1 Select Your Backup Location 258
9.11 Information Security Provisions in E-commerce 259
9.11.1 Digital Signatures and Certificates 259
9.11.2 Secure Socket Layers 260
9.11.3 PCI, SET, Firewalls and Kerberos 260
9.11.4 Transactions 260
9.12 Practical Consequences 260
9.12.1 Encryption and Decryption 261
9.12.2 Digital Signature and Verification 261
9.12.3 Beyond the Principles 261
9.12.4 What is a Certificate 262
9.12.5 SSL 262
Appendix
Sample and previous examination solved and unsolved papers 269-310
Appendix A 311
Appendix B 312

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