Foundation of Information Technology Class IX

Foundation of Information Technology Class IX

Author: , ISBN: Year of Publication: Class name: Subject:

Rs. 330.00

 
 

About Book

Shashank Johri , the author of this book is a well experienced computer expert who has written a number of books and has won National Award for his book ?Computer Repair Guide ? from ministry of information Technology , Government of India in 1999. He has been conducted various seminars and workshops for computer teacher across India to update their knowledge and give awareness about various schemes and frame works of CBSE, NCERT, MIT and other organizations of Government of India to maintain a level in IT education in schools.

Shashank Johri has been associated with various projects of ministry of information Technology, Govt. of India and also have been member of Experts panel for writing the Glossary of information Technology published by Commission for scientific & Technical Terminology, ministry of Human Resource & Development , Govt. of India.

About the Book

The Foundation of Information Technology is an unique book which is published after a great research and development. Main features of this book are as follows:

 

  •  Each and every topic is covered in same sequence in this book as prescribed in CBSE Syllabus.
  •  The exercise pattern strictly given as in the CBSE board examination paper, that will help to score full marks .
  •  The book is on CCE pattern so the formative and summative rich exercises have been given . ? The practical tasks are highlighted with Shhhh.. I am in Lab, which will help students to teach the practical steps in the book when they are working in practical lab.
  •  Solved and Un - solved question papers have been given , so that students can prepare well for final examination.
  •  Addition Projects/ Programs and Exercise are given on the web support, that reduced the printed pages and will updated, provide accurate and tested programs/ codes. Teachers can remove some lines or codes and give students to debug them so that can learn each and every step carefully.

 

Contents

1. Convergence of Technologies 3-14

1.1 Introduction 3

1.1.1 Digital Computer 3

1.1.2 Analog Computer 4

1.1.3 Hybrid Computer 5

1.2 Types of Computers 5

1.2.1 Micro Computer 5

1.2.2 Mini Computer 5

1.2.3 Mainframe Computer 5

1.2.4 Super Computer 5

1.3 Convergence of Technologies 6

1.3.1 Communication Technology 7

1.3.2 Computer-Based Treatment Systems 7

1.3.3 Augmentative and Alternative Communication Systems 7

1.3.4 Information Technology 8

1.3.5 Content Technology 9

1.3.6 Biotechnology 9

1.3.7 Nanotechnology 10

2. Computer System 15-38

2.1 Introduction 15

2.11 Characteristics of a Computer 16

2.3 Components of a Computer System 17

2.4 The CPU 17 2.4.1. Input Unit 17

2.4.2. Central Processing Unit 17

2.4.3. Output Unit 18

2.5 Memory Unit 18

2.5.1 Primary Memory 18

2.5.2 Secondary Memory 19

2.6 Units of Memory 19

2.7 Input Device 20

2.7.1 Keyboard 20

2.7.2 Mouse 20

2.7.3 Joystick 20

2.7.4 Scanner 20

2.7.5 Voice Input & Recognition System (Mic) 21

2.7.6 Optical Character Reader (OCR) 21

2.7.7 Magnetic Ink Character Reader (MICR) 21

2.7.8 Light Pen 21

2.7.9 Barcode Reader 21

2.7.10 Digital Camera and Web Camera 22

2.7.11 Biometric Camera 22

2.7.12 Smart Card Reader 22

2.7.13 Optical Mark Reader (OMR) 23

2.7.14 Graphic Tablet 23

2.7.15 Touch Screen 23

2.7.16 Track ball 23

2.8 Output Devices 23

2.8.1 Monitor/Visual Display unit 24

2.8.2 Printers 24

2.8.3 Plotters 26

2.8.4 Speakers 26

2.9 Secondary Storage Devices 26

2.9.1 Hard Disk 26

2.9.2 CD-ROMS 27

2.9.3 DVD 27

2.9.4 Blue Ray 27

2.9.5 Pen / Flash Drive 28

2.9.6 Memory Sticks 28

2.9.7 Magnetic Tapes 28

2.10 Cache Memory 28

3. Computer Software 39-59

3.1 Introduction 39

3.2 Types of software 39

3.2.1 Basic Input Output System (BIOS) 39

3.2.2 System Software 40

3.2.3 Application Software 43

3.2.4 Utility Software 46

3.3 Encryption and Decryption 47

3.4 Development of Programming Languages 47

3.4.1 First Generation Language (Machine Language) 48

3.4.2 Second Generation Language (Assembly Language) 48

3.4.3 Third Generation Language (High Level Language) 48

3.4.4 Fourth Generation Language (GUI Based Language) 49

4. Communication Technology 61-93

4.1 Introduction 61

4.2 Computers and Communication Concepts 61

4.3 Computer Networking 61

4.3.1 Advantages of using computer networking 62

4.3.2 Terminology of Networks 63

4.4 Type of Networks 65

4.4.1 LAN 65

4.4.2 MAN 66

4.4.3 WAN 66

4.5 Network Topologies / Network Structures 66

4.5.1. Star Topology/Network 67

4.5.2. Bus Network 67

4.5.3. Ring Topology 68

4.5.4. Mesh Network 68

4.5.5. Hierarchical Networks 68

4.6 Switching Techniques 68

4.6.1 Circular Switching Technique 68

4.6.2 Message Switching 68

4.6.3 Packet Switching 69

4.7 Communication Channel Access Methods 69

4.8 Type of Services Available in Market 69

4.8.1 Narrow band Services 69

4.8.2 Voice band Service 69

4.8.3 Wide band Services 69

4.9 Networking Architecture 70

4.9.1 Clint Server 70

4.9.2 Peer-to-Peer 70

4.10 Data Transmission Techniques 70

4.11 Data Transmission Modes 71

4.11.1 Digital and Analog 71

4.11.2 Parallel and Serial Transmission 71

4.12 Inter-space Wireless Networking Technology 72

4.12.1. Twisted Pair Cable 72

4.12.2. Co-axial Cable 73

4.12.3. Ethernet Cable 73

4.12.4 Optical Fibers 73

4.13 Long Distance Wireless Technology 74

4.13.1 Micro Wave 74

4.13.2 Radio Wave 74

4.13.3 Satellite 75

4.14 Short Distance Wireless Technology 75

4.14.1 Bluetooth 75

4.14.2 Infrared 76

4.14.3 Laser 76

4.14.4 Wi-Fi 76

4.14.5 WiMax 77

4.15 Communication Protocols 77

4.15.1. Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) 77

4.15.2. FTP (File Transfer Protocol) 77

4.15.3. TCP/IP 77

4.15.4. Slip (Serial Line Internet Protocol) 78

4.15.5. PPP (Point to Point Protocol) 78

4.16 What is Internet 78

4.17 E-mail 78

4.18 Data and Information 79

4.19 Multimedia (Picture/Image, Audio, Video, Animation) 79

4.20 Data Security 80

4.21 Preventive Maintenance 80

5. Operating System 97-117

5.1 Introduction 97

5.2 Basic Concepts of Operating System 97

5.2.1 Functions of Operating System 97

5.2.2 Operating System at Work 98

5.2.3 Program Execution 99

5.2.4 Handling Input/ Output Operations 99

5.2.5 Manipulation of File System 99

5.2.6 Error Detection and Handling 99

5.2.7 Resource Allocation 99

5.2.8 Accounting 99

5.2.9 Information and Resource Protection 99

5.3 Introduction to GNU/BOSS LINUX operating system 99

5.3.1 Linux Features 100

5.3.2 The Desktop 100

5.3.3 The Workspace 101

5.3.4 The Window 101

5.3.5 The Title Bar 101

5.3.6 The Application Icon 101

5.3.7 Title Bar and Active File Name 102

5.3.8 The Menu Bar 102

5.3.9 The Work Area 102

5.3.10 The Scroll Bars 102

5.3.11 Corners and Borders 102

5.3.12 The Document Window 102

5.3.13 The Icons 102

5.4 Directory Structure of Linux Operating System 103

5.4.1 Files and Directories 103

5.4.2 Concept of Path 103

5.4.3 Standard Directory Structure of Linux 104

5.4.4 Home Directory 105

5.4.5 Wild Cards 105

5.5 Exploring the Computer 105

5.5.1 Elements of GNOME Desktop 106

5.5.2 The Top Menu Panel 106

5.5.3 Application Menu 106

5.5.4 Places Menu 107

5.5.5 The System Menu 107

5.5.6 The Notification Area 108

5.5.7 Windows Selection Icon 108

5.5.8 Volume Control 108

5.5.9 Clock and Calendar 108

5.5.10 The Language Keyboard Switch Area 108

5.6 Opening an Application 108

6. MS Windows 119-154

6.1 Introduction 119

6.2 Using Mouse and Moving Icons on the Screen 119

6.3 The Desktop 120

6.3.1 My Computer 121

6.3.2 The Recycle Bin 121

6.3.3 My Documents 121

6.3.4 The Internet Explorer 121

6.3.5 Customizing the Taskbar 121

6.3.6 Quick Launch Toolbar 122

6.4 Start Menu & Menu Selection 122

6.5 Running an Application 122

6.6 Setting System Date and Time 122

6.7 Windows Explorer 123

6.8 Files and folders 123

6.8.1 Managing File and Folder 124

6.8.2 Creating Folder on the Desktop 124

6.8.3 Naming a File 124

6.8.4 Renaming Files and Folders 125

6.8.5 Copying Files and Folders 125

6.8.6 Moving Files and Folders 126

6.8.7 Deleting a File/Folder 126

6.8.8 To Restore the Deleted File or Folder 127

6.9 Opening and Closing Windows 127

6.10 Controlling Window Size (Minimize, Maximize & Restore) 127

6.11 Basic Components of a Window 128

6.11.1 Desktop 129

6.11.2 Title bar 129

6.11.3 Menu bar 129

6.11.4 Status bar 129

6.11.5 Scroll bar 129

6.12 Using Right button of Mouse 129

6.13 Creating Shortcut 130

6.13.1 To Change Name of Shortcut or Icon 130

6.14 Windows Accessories 130

6.14.1 How to Open Accessories 130

6.14.2 Notepad 131

6.14.3 Paint 132

6.14.4 Calculator 135

6.14.5 WordPad 137

6.14.6 Games 140

6.14.7 Entertainment 140

6.15 Clipboard 141

6.15.1 Clipboard Viewer 142

6.16 Creating a Toolbar 142

6.17 Finding a File or Folder in Windows 143

6.18 How to Format a Disk 144

7. Word Processor 155-195

7.1 Introduction 155

7.1.1 How to get OpenOffice.org 155

7.1.2 Opening OpenOffice.org 156

7.1.3 Word Processing Tool 156

7.2 Introduction to Word Processor 156

7.2.1 Introduction to Text Document 156

7.2.2 The Text Area 157

7.2.3 Toolbars 158

7.3 Creating and Saving document 158

7.3.1 Word Wrap and the Enter key 159

7.3.2 Non-printing Characters 159

7.3.3 Saving a Document 159

7.3.4 Closing a Document 159

7.3.5 Exiting Writer 160

7.4 Word Processing Terminology 160

7.4.1 Margins 160

7.4.2 Word Wrapping 160

7.4.3 Indentation 160

7.4.4 Difference between Paragraph indent and page margin 161

7.5 Formatting and Editing a Document 161

7.5.1 Font Style (B, I, U, and Size) 161

7.5.2 Font color (Format ? Character) 162

7.5.3 Alignment (Left, Right, Center, Justify) 162

7.5.4 Formatting paragraphs with line and paragraph spacing163

7.5.5 Adding Headers and Footers 166

7.5.6 Numbering Page Numbers 167

7.5.7 Navigating in the Document 168

7.5.8 Inserting/ Over typing in document 168

7.5.9 Text Selection 169

7.5.10 Copying and Pasting Selected Text 169

7.5.11 Moving the Selected Text 169

7.5.12 Deleting the Selected Text 170

7.5.13 How to Undo 170

7.6 Grammar and Spell Check 170

7.6.1 To check spelling automatically 170

7.6.2 Manually Checking the Spellings 171

7.6.3 What to do if Spell Check is not working? 171

7.7 Using Subscript and Superscript 171

7.8 Print Preview 172

7.9 Printing a Document 172

7.10 Inserting Clipart and Pictures 172

7.10.1 Inserting Clipart and Pictures in Writer document 173

7.10.2 Drawing objects 173

7.10.3 Pictures 173

7.10.4 Inserting AutoShapes 173

7.10.5 Inserting a Drawing Object 173

7.10.6 Ad a Line 174

7.10.7 Add an Arrow 174

7.10.8 Inserting Graphic Text Art 174

7.10.9 Inserting Pictures from Gallery or File 174

7.10.10 Inserting Symbols 175

7.11 Page Setting 175

7.12 Bullets and Numbering 175

7.12.1 Creating bulleted or Numbered List 176

7.12.2 Nested List 176

7.13 Border and Shading 176

7.14 Format Painter 177

7.15 Find and Replace 177

7.15.1 How to Find the Text 177

7.15.2 Replace Text 179

7.16 Inserting Tables 178

7.16.1 Tables 178

7.16.2 To Insert a Table by using Table button 178

7.16.3 To Insert a Table by using Insert menu 178

7.17 Moving in a Table 179

7.18 Inserting Rows 179

7.19 Inserting Column 179

7.20 Deleting Rows and Columns 180

7.21 Merging and Splitting Cells 180

7.21.1 To Merge Cells 180

7.21.2 To Split Cells 180

7.22 Page Formatting 180

7.22.1 Page Size (Paper Size) 180

7.22.2 Margins 180

7.22.3 Setting margins through ruler bar 180

7.22.4 Setting Margins through Page Style dialog box 181

7.22.5 Page Orientation 181

7.23 Mail Merge 181

8. Presentation Tool 197-219

8.1 Introduction 197

8.2 Understanding the concept of Slide Show 197

8.3 Basic Elements of a Slide 197

8.4 Different Types of Slide Layouts 198

8.5 Creating a Presentation 198

8.6 Saving a Presentation 199

8.7 Different Views of Slides 199

8.8 Editing and Formatting a Slide 200

8.8.1 Adding Titles 205

8.8.2 Subtitles 205 8.8.3 Adding fonts to text in slide 205

8.8.4 Getting different shapes in the slide 205

8.8.5 Adding text to the shapes 205

8.8.6 Changing the background color of the slide 205

8.8.7 Watermarks 206

8.8.8 Headers and Footers 206

8.8.9 Numbering slides 206

8.9 Inserting pictures from Files 206

8.9.1 Formatting the picture 206

8.9. 2 Adding clipart in the document 208

8.10 Animating pictures and text with sound effects 208

8.11Timing Text box 209

8.12 Pictures and Slides 209

8.13 Rehearse Timings 209

8.14 Un-grouping and Grouping the Clipart 209

8.15 Slide show 209

9. Spreadsheet Tool 221-245

9.1 Introduction 221

9.2 Workbook and Worksheet 222

9.2.1 Changing the name of Worksheet 222

9.3 Creating Spreadsheet in OpenOffice.org Calc 223

9.3.1 Toolbars available in OpenOffice.org Calc 223

9.4 Saving a Worksheet 223

9.5 Working with Spreadsheet 224

9.5.1 Entering Numbers 224

9.5.2 Entering Text 224

9.5.3 Entering Date/Time 224

9.5.4 Entering Series using AutoFill 225

9.6 Editing and Formatting a Worksheet 225

9.6.1 Changing Font color 226

9.6.2 Changing Font type and size 226

9.6.3 Text Alignment 226

9.6.4 Giving Borders to the cells 226

9.6.5 Change Background 226

9.6.6 Protecting Cell 226

9.6.7 Inserting an Additional Column 227

9.6.8 Inserting a row 227

9.6.9 Deleting values from the cell 227

9.6.10 Deleting Rows or Columns 227

9.7 Formula: Entering a Formula 227

9.7.1 Copying the formula to the other cells 228

9.8 Using Operators (+,-,*,/) 228

9.9 Referencing 228

9.9.1 Relative Referencing 228

9.9.2 Absolute Referencing 229

9.9.3 Mixed Referencing 229

9.10 Printing a Worksheet 230

9.11 Functions 230

9.11.1 SUM() 230

9.11.2 AVERAGE() 230

9.11.3 MAX() 231

9.11.4 MIN() 231

9.11.5 IF () 231

9.12 Inserting Tables in Worksheet 231

9.13 Charts 231

9.14 Different types of charts 232

9.14.1 Line Charts 232

9.14.2 Pie Charts 232

9.14.3 Scatter Charts 232

9.14.4 Bar Charts 233

9.14.5 Area Charts 233

9.14.6 Column Charts 233

10. Societal Impacts of IT 249-261

10.1 Introduction 249

10.2 Impact of information Technology on Societal Development 250

10.2.1 In Education 250

10.2.2 In Health Care 250

10.2.3 In Governance 251

10.2.4 In Business 251

10.2.5 In Designing 251

10.2.6 In Manufacturing 251

10.3 Plagiarism 252

10.3.1 How to Avoid Plagiarism 252

10.3.2 Plagiarism and the World Wide Web 252

10.3.3 How to avoid Plagiarism 253

10.3.4 Types of Plagiarism 253

10.4 Privacy 253

10.5 Security and Integrity of Information 253

10.5.1 Securing the System 254

10.6 Intellectual Property Rights 254

10.7 Careers in IT 254

Appendix Sample Papers Solved and Unsolved 262-291

Appendix A 292

Appendix B 293

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “Foundation of Information Technology Class IX”